Осадок сточных вод удобрение

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Adam, C. 2009. Techniques for P-recovery from wastewater, sewage sludge and sewage sludge ashes – an overview. In BALTIC 21. Seminar on Phosphorus recycling and good agricultural management practice. 29.–30.9.2009. Berlin.

Arnold, M. 2010. Is waste water our new asset? VTT Impulse 2/2010.
http://www.digipaper.fi/vtt_impulse/56725/.

ATV-DVWK-A 131E 2000. Dimensioning of Single-Stage Activated Sludge Plants, German water and waste water association (Former name ATV-DVWK, today DWA). Available at http://www.dwa.de, ISBN 978-3-935669-96-2, 2000.

ATV-DVWK-M 368E 2003. Biological Stabilisation of Sewage Sludge, German water and waste water association(Former name ATV-DVWK, today DWA). Available at http://www.dwa.de, ISBN 978-3-937758-71-8, 2003.

Aubain, P., Gazzo, A., le Moux, J., Mugnier, E. 2002. Disposal and recycling routes for sewage sludge. Synthesis report 22 February 2002. Arthur Andersen, EC DG Environment – B/2. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/sludge/pdf/synthesisreport020222.pdf

Barber, W. P. F. 2009. Influence of anaerobic digestion on the carbon footprint of various sewage sludge treatment options. Water and Environment Journal 23: 170-179.

Barjenbruch, M., Berbig C., Ilian J., Bergmann M. 2011. Sewage sludge dewatering without flocculant aid. (Schlammentwässerung ohne Flockungshilfsmittel). WWT-online.de 10/2011. http://www.wwt-online.de/sites/wwt-online.de/files/schlammentw%C3%A4sserung_ohne_flockungshilfsmittel.pdf. (In German).

Bayerle, N. 2009. Phosphorus recycling in Gifhorn with a modified Seaborne process. (P-Recycling in Gifhorn mit dem modifizierten SeaborneProzess). Proceedings of BALTIC 21 Phosphorus Recycling and Good Agricultural Management Practice, 28.–30.9.2009. Berlin. (In German).

Beier M., Sander M., Schneider Y., Rosenwinkel K.-H. 2008. Energy-efficient nitrogen removal. (Energieeffiziente Stickstoffelimination). Monthly journal of the DWA, KA, 55 2008. (In German).

Bergs C.-G. 2010. New demand by sewage sludge and fertiliser regulation. (Neue Vorgaben für Klärschlamm nach der Klärschlamm-(AbfKlärV) und Düngemittelverordnung (DüMV)). VKU Infotag Klärschlamm, 9.11.2010. (In German).

Berliner Wasserbetriebe 2012. http://www.bwb.de/content/language2/html/4951.php.

BIOPROS 2008. Short rotation plantations. Guidelines for efficient biomass production with the safe application of wastewater and sewage sludge. Available at www.biopros.info.

BMBF&BMU 2005. http://www.phosphorrecycling.de.

Brendler, D. 2006. Use of the KEMICOND-Method with chamber filter presses – Results;. (Einsatz des KEMICOND-Verfahrens auf Kammerfilterpressen – Ergebnisse aus der Praxis). Der Kemwaterspiegel 2006, http://www.kemira.com/regions/germany/SiteCollectionDocuments/Brosch%C3%BCren%20Water/Wasserspiegel%202006.pdf. (In German).

Burton, F.L , Stancel H.D.,. Tchobangoulos, G. 2003. Wastewater engineering, treatment and reuse. Metcalf and Eddy Inc, 4th edition. McGraw Hill.

CEEP 2003. SCOPE Newsletter # 50. http://www.ceep-phosphates.org/Files/Newsletter/scope50.pdf. Centre Européen d’Etudes des Polyphosphates.

CEEP 2012. SCOPE Newsletter # 84. http://www.ceep-phosphates.org/Files/Newsletter/ScopeNewsletter84.pdf. Centre Européen d’Etudes des Polyphosphates.

DWA-M 366DRAFT 2011. Mechanical dewatering of sewage sludge. (Maschinelle Schlammentwässerung). Entwurf German water and waste water association (DWA). Available at http://www.dwa.de, ISBN 978-3-942964-05-0, 2011. (In German).

DWA-M 381E 2007. Sewage sludge thickening, German water and waste water association (DWA), http://www.dwa.de, ISBN 978-3-941897-43-4, 2007.

Ener-G. About Digester Gas Utilisation. http://www.energ.co.uk/about-digester-gas-utilisation.

Einfeldt, J. 2011. Sludge handling in small and mid-size treatment plants. PURE workshop on sustainable sludge handling. Lübeck 7.9.2011. Available at http://www.purebalticsea.eu/index.php/pure:presentations_from.

European Commission, DG Environment 2011. Conclusions of the Expert Seminar on the sustainability of phosphorus resources, 17th February 2011. Brussels. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/natres/pdf/conclusions_17_02_2011.pdf.

European Commission, DG Environment 2012. A Blueprint to safeguard Europe’s Waters.
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/blueprint/index_en.htm, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/pdf/blueprint_leaflet.pdf.

European Environment Agency EEA 2011. Resource efficiency in Europe – Policies and approaches in 31 EEA member and cooperating countries. EEA Report 5/2011.

European Federation of National Associations of Water and Waste Water Services EUREAU 2012. EUREAU position on the Water Blueprint. http://eureau.org/sites/eureau.org/files/documents/2012.02.28-EUREAU_PP_Blueprint.pdf.

Guyer, J.P. 2011. An introduction to Sludge Handling, Treatment and Disposal. CED Engineering.

Hammer, M.J. and Hammer, M.J. Jr 2001. Water and Waste water technology.

HELCOM 2007. Recommendation 28E/5. Municipal wastewater treatment. Helsinki Commission, HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, Helsinki. http://www.helcom.fi/Recommendations/en_GB/rec28E_5/.

HELCOM 2007. Recommendation 28E/7. Measures aimed at the substitution of polyphosphates (phosphorus)in detergents. Helsinki Commission, HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, Helsinki http://www.helcom.fi/Recommendations/en_GB/rec28E_7/.

HELCOM 2011. Monitoring and Assessment Group (MONAS), Meeting 15/2011, 4-7 October 2011. Document 6/4 Application of Whole Effluent Assessment in the Baltic Sea region (COHIBA Project), Document 13/1 Minutes of the 15th Meeting of the HELCOM Monitoring and Assessment Group (HELCOM MONAS). Available at http://meeting.helcom.fi/web/monas/1.

Hermann, L. (Outotec Oyj, Oberusel) 2012. Personal information. ICL Fertilizers 2012. http://www.iclfertilizers.com/fertilizers/Amfert/pages/environment.aspx.

Ilian J. 2011. Sewage sludge dewatering with the ‘Rotations-Filtertechnik’. (Klärschlammentwässerung durch Rotations-Filtertechnik), Sewage sludge forum, Rostock, 17.11.2011. (In German).

Jardin, N. 2011. P-Recovery out of sewage sludge and sewage sludge ashes-Status of development (Phosphorrückgewinnung aus Klärschlamm und Klärschlammasche – Stand der Entwicklung). Ruhrverband, DWA Klärschlammtage Fulda, 30.3.2011. (In German).

Kopp, J. 2010. Properties of Sewage sludge. (Eigenschaften von Klärschlämmen). Presentation on the VDI conference, 2010. (In German).

La Cour Jansen J, Gruvberger C, Hanner N, Aspegren H and A. Svärd 2004. Digestion of sludge and organic waste in the sustainability concept for Malmö, Sweden. Water SciTechnol. 2004; 49(10): 163-9.

Lengemann, A. 2011. Berliner Wasserbetriebe, MAP – Recovery example: from a problem to marketing. (MAP – Recycling am Beispiel – von einem Problem bis zur Vermarktung), Klärschlammforum Rostock, 17.11.2011. (In German).

Machnicka, A., Grübel, K., Suschka, J. 2009. The use of hydrodynamic disintegration as a means to improve anaerobic digestion of activated sludge. Water SA Vol. 35 No. 1 January 2009. Available at http://www.wrc.org.za/.

Mathan, C., Marscheider-Weidemann, F., Menger- Krug, E., Andersson, H., Dudutyte, Z., Heidemeier, J., Krupanek, J., Leisk, Ü., Mehtonen, J., Munne, P., Nielsen, U., Siewert, S., Stance, L., Tettenborn,F., Toropovs, V., Westerdahl, J., Wickman, T., Zielonka, U. 2012. Recommendation report. Cost-effective management options to reduce discharges, emissions and losses of hazardous substances. WP5 Final Report. Control of hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea region – COHIBA project. Federal Environment Agency of Germany (UBA). Available at http://www.cohiba-project.net/publications/en_GB/publications/.

Milieu Ltd , WRc and Risk & Policy Analysts Ltd (RPA) 2008. Study on the environmental, economic and social impacts of the use of sewage sludge on land, volume 2. DG ENV.G.4/ETU/2008/0076r. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/sludge/pdf/part_ii_report.pdf.

MMM 2011. Suomesta ravinteiden kierrätyksen mallimaa. Työryhmämuistio 2011:5. ISBN 978-952-453-649-3, ISSN 1797-4011. Helsinki. (In Finnish).

www.mongabay.com, http://www.mongabay.com/images/commodities/charts/chart-phosphate.html.

Nakari, T., Schultz, E., Sainio, P., Munne, P., Bachor, A., Kaj, L., Madsen, K. B., Manusadžianas, L., Mielzynska, L., Parkman, H., Pockeviciute, D., Põllumäe, A., Strake, S., Volkov, E., Zielonka, U. 2011. Innovative approaches to chemicals control of hazardous substances. WP3 Final report. Control of hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea region – COHIBA project. Finnish Environment Institute SYKE. Available at http://www.cohiba-project.net/publications/en_GB/publications/.

Nawa, Y. 2009. P- recovery in Japan the PHOSNIX process. A Poster from BALTIC 21 Phosphorus Recycling and Good Agricultural Management Practice, September 28- 30, 2009.
http://www.jki.bund.de/fileadmin/dam_uploads/_koordinierend/bs_naehrstofftage/baltic21/8_poster%20UNITIKA.pdf.

Nickel, K., Velten, S., Sörensen, J., Neis, U. 2011. Sludge Disintegration: Improving Anaerobic and Aerobic Degradation of Biomass on Wastewater Treatment Plants. Presentation at the PURE Workshop on sustainable sludge handling. Lübeck 7.9.2011. Available at http://www.purebalticsea.eu/index.php/pure:presentations_from.

Nielsen, S. 2007. Sludge treatment in reed bed systems and recycling of sludge and environmental impact. Orbicon. http://www.orbicon.com/media/UK_Artikel_Sludge_treatment_recycling_smn.pdf.

Ostara 2010. Ostara Group, Questions and answers.
http://www.ostara.com/files/u2/Ostara_Q__A.pdf.

Palfrey, R. 2011. Amendment of the EC sewage sludge directive (Novellierung der EG-Klärschlammrichtlinie – Folgenabschätzung), DWA Klärschlammtage Fulda, 29.3.2011. (In German).

Petzet, S., Cornel, P. 2011. Recovery of phosphorus from waste water. Presentation at the PURE-workshop in Lübeck. 7.9.2011. Available at http://www.purebalticsea.eu/index.php/pure:presentations_from.

Petzet S., Cornel, P. 2010. New ways of Phosphorus recovery out of Sewage sludge ashes (Neue Wege des Phosphorrecyclings aus Klärschlammaschen). Technical University Darmstadt, DWA KA 4/2010. (In German).

PhöchstMengV 1980. Verordnung über Höchstmengen für Phosphate in Wasch- und Reinigungsmitteln (Phosphathöchstmengenverordnung), 4.6.1980. (In German).

Scheidig, K. 2009. Präsentation und Diskussion des Mephrec-Verfahrens, 9. Gutachtersitzung zur BMBF/BMU-Förderinitiative P-Recycling, http://www.jki.bund.de/fileadmin/dam_uploads/_koordinierend/bs_naehrstofftage/baltic21/Scheidig.pdf, 30.9.2009.(In German).

Schmelz, K-Georg, 2011. Sludge handling in Bottrop. Presentation at the PURE Workshop on sustainable sludge handling. Lübeck 7.9.2011. Available at http://www.purebalticsea.eu/index.php/pure:presentations_from.

Schillinger, H. 2006. Sewage sludge treatment by dehydratation and mineralisation in reed beds. Internationalworkshop on “Innovations in water conservation”. 21.-23.2.2006. Tehran water and wastewater company, Iran. http://www.rcuwm.org.ir/En/Events/Documents/Workshops/Articles/7/15.pdf.

Schröder, J.J., Cordell, D., Smit, A.L., Rosemarin, A. 2011. Sustainable Use of Phosphorus, EU Tender ENV.B.1/ETU/2009/0025, Wagenigen UR Report 357.

SEPA 2002. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Naturvårdsverket). Action plan for recycling of phosphorus from sewage. Main report to the good sludge and phosphorus cycles. (Aktionsplan för återföring av fosfor ur avlopp. Huvudrapport till bra slam och fosfor i kretslopp). Raport 5214. (In Swedish, summary in English).

SNV 2003. Statens Naturvårdverk. Risk för smittspridning via avloppslamm. SNV Rapport 5215. Stockholm.(In Swedish).

Starberg, K., Karlsson, B., Larsson, J. E., Moraeus, P. & Lindberg, A. 2005. Problem och lösningar vid processoptimering av rötkammardriften vid avloppsreningsverk. Svenskt Vatten AB. Svenskt Vatten Utveckling (SVU) / VA-forsk 2005-10. http://boffe.com/rapporter/Avlopp/Slam/VA-Forsk_2005-10.pdf. (In Swedish).

Swedish Chemical Agency 2010. Phosphates in detergents. Questions and answers.
Umweltbundesamt 2009. Requierements of hygienisation for the amendment of the sewage sludge regulation (Anforderungen an die Novellierung der Klärschlammverordnung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Hygieneparametern) http://www.umweltdaten.de/publikationen/fpdf-l/3742.pdf. (In German).

UNEP Yearbook 2011. Emerging issues in our global environment, Phosphorus and food production.
http://www.unep.org/yearbook/2011.

US Geological Survey (USGS) 2012. Annual Publications about Mineral Commodity Summaries – Phosphate Rock, http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/phosphate_rock/mcs-2012-phosp.pdf.

Vesilind, P. Aarne 2003. Wastewater Treatment Plant Design. Water Environment Federation.

Walley, P. 2007. Optimising thermal hydrolysis for reliable high digester solids: loading and performance, European Biosolids and Organic Resources Conference, 2007, Aqua Enviro, Manchester, UK.

WHO 2003. Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater and Excreta in Agriculture Microbial Risk Assessment Section by S. A. Petterson & N. J. Ashbolt.

Xie, Xing, Ghani, Ooi and Ng, 2005. Ultrasonic disintegration technology in improving anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge under tropic conditions, Paper Presented to 10th European Biosolids and Biowaste Conference, UK. November 2005.


Источник: http://www.purebalticsea.eu/index.php/gpsm:good_practices:ru



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